Botticelli, Sandra (Alessandro Di Mariano Filipepi)
primavera2.gif
(Primavera 1477) There have been many interpretations of this painting but most people agree that it is a representation of the upcoming Spring, after all Primavera means Spring in Alessandro Di Mariano Filipepi's native tongue. Also, the painting has proof of the upcoming Spring because there are flowers and petals in the garden in which it takes place.





Botticelli was born in 1444 and died in 1510. He was born in Florence and lived there most of his life. His real name was Alessandro Di Mariano Filipepi. His nickname probably came from his elder brother's nickname Il Botticello (The Little Barrel). When he was young he was an apprentice to a goldsmith then he became an apprentice to Fra Filippo Lippi an artist. By the time Botticelli was 20 he owned his new studio. He started his career painting myths.

Botticelli liked to paint many Greek and Roman myths and Pagan holidays. Some people were fond of his creativity but many churches and monks didn’t like the idea of betraying God. They began scourging themselves so God would forgive them. Botticelli influenced many other painters, for example Titian, to begin painting about myths and stories. Not only did he paint myths but he also painted for the Pope in the Sistene Chapel of Vadican City and many murals for public churches and squares. In 1481-82, he want to Rome and painted frescos and murals such as, Life of Moses, the Destruction of Korah, Dathan, and Abiram, and the Temptation of Christ by Satan. Botticelli also painted a portrait of the Pope but the Pope didn't like it so he was ordered to burn it. He was also a painter for the Medici family. He painted Primavera and Birth of Venus for them. When he painted Adoration of the Magi, he included many potraits of the Medici family members as well as a self-portrait. In Primavera, he included a painting of Lorenzo, son of Pierfrancesco de' Medici. Sometimes when he painted Jesus and Mary, he would outline them with a thin gold line.



this_pic.jpg

(Madonna of the Magnificat) The people in the painting are life size and there is alot of gold paint. It represents Mary being crowned Queen of Heaven. The pomegranate, in which Jesus and Mary are holding, represents passion. The initial 'M', which Mary is writing on the right side of the book, is starting the last words of the Magnificat.






Botticelli painted religious, as well as non-religious, themes. He began painting for poems and other small pictures. In 1490, he painted less graceful and more emotional paintings. Around that time, the Medici family got thrown out of Florence. He began painting less and people didn’t really like him. By the time he died, he was completely forgotten until the late 1900’s. Botticelli was a brave person by painting things that people weren’t very fond of. He opened the door for many other painters on expressing what they enjoyed.

When he painted Birth of Venus it was supposed to represent beauty coming into the world because the Renaissance was a break point from the dreadful and chaotic world of the Middle Ages. Botticelli is one of the most remembered painters of the Renaissance because he began a new period of art and made a big impression.


Birth_of_Venus.gif
Birth of Venus (1485)
In the myth, Venus is born from a clam shell already fully grown and nude. Botticelli made a godly wind make her hair flow with the wind to emphasize her beauty. The two Gods to her right, our left, are Zephyrus and his "girl friend". The person to her left, our right, is an Horae.







Links to other sources:http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/ho/08/eustc/ho_14.40.642.htm
http://www.referencecenter.com/ref/reference/Botticel/Sandro_Botticelli?invocationType=redirect&flv=1
http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/botticelli/
Links to other Wikispaces pages: Courtney Amy Jesse


The sources that I used:
Renaissance II Grolier

http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/botticelli/
http://encyclopedia.farlex.com/Alessandro+di+Mariano+Filipepi
http://www.loggia.com/art/renaissance/botticelli06.html
http://www.loggia.com/art/renaissance/botticelli02.html
http://www.wga.hu/frames-e.html?/html/b/botticel/22/30magnif.html





By Matthew Gilbert